I think you’re kind of chasing your tail here with your argument and @ridethecliche has a good explanation.
You have to think about which comes first, the Full Frontal results or the VO2max measurement?
Every rider has different physiological characteristics and they all are put together and used when a rider performs the Full Frontal fitness test. The results are the rider profile, their strengths and weaknesses, and their 4DP numbers. So, how well a rider performs on the full frontal fitness test is determined by their physiological make-up.
Again, when the riders perform the Full Frontal fitness text, each rider will use their individual VO2max and other physical characteristics to perform the test. Maybe the rider with the higher VO2max will be more likely to have a higher MAP score. But, if they both end up with the same MAP score, then it doesn’t matter if their VO2max is lower or higher. That is the max effort that they are capable of sustaining for 5 minutes. Neither should be more or less capable of reaching that score because it is supposed to be a max effort. It should be the same difficulty level for both riders.
So, yes, all an athlete’s physiological characteristics are involved in taking the Full Frontal test which are then applied to the workouts and power targets. If your MAP is 302, then that was your max 5 minute effort and you were unable to get it any higher. If another rider also has a MAP of 302, then that was also their max 5 minute effort and they were unable to get it higher. If one rider has a higher VO2max then their VO2max is what helped them achieve that score. If it had been lower, and the cause and effect is as you say, then they would likely have had a lower MAP score.
If, as you say, two riders are completely identical in all physiological characteristics except for one having a higher V02max, and as you say the VO2max determines their MAP score, then the rider with a higher V02max will have a higher MAP score after performing Full Frontal and there should be no way that the two riders get the same MAP score. And then that higher MAP score will then be reflected in all their workouts with higher MAP power targets. So, they should not have it any easier than the other rider who has a lower V02max score.
As long as the Full Frontal test is being performed correctly then you can’t say that the rider with the higher V02max should have an easier time performing their MAP workouts because their higher V02max has already helped determine their workout targets to make it just as hard as the other rider who has a lower V02max and thusly has lower MAP power targets.
So their VO2max is already reflected in their 4DP profile, numbers, etc, which are the reflected in their workouts and power targets. It doesn’t then need to be taken into account a second time.
Is this perfect for 100% of the population? No. But it is likely good enough for more than 98% of all amateur riders where most riders will never be riding flat out or trying to ride to 100% of their absolute full potential. When you get into the professional ranks to the top 1% of the top 1% where the difference between being first and second is splitting hairs will this every actually matter. But in that case the riders will be using more than just an app algorithm to determine their workouts for them.
And also, if you think the plan workouts aren’t quite right for you, you can do a customized plan where a SUF coach can develop a plan that is even more personalized for you.